Scars are fibrous tissue that forms during a wound healing process. Typically, damage to the deeper layer of the skin, the dermis, is required to product a scar. Damage to the epidermis, the most superficial layer of the skin, will not produce a scar.
Scar tissues are formed from the same protein (collagen) as the tissue it replaces. However, the composition is different. In some individuals, the wound healing process triggers excessive production of collagen which causes the scars to rise above the surrounding skin. These are known as hypertropic scars. Keloids are a more serious form of hypertropic scars where the collagen growth is excessive to the extent that the raised area extends outside of the original wound area.
Injection of steroids helps to reduce inflammation and silicone gel sheets flatten the scars tissue.
Atrophic scars are the opposite of a hypertrophic scar. These scars present as depressed areas on the skin surface. The cause for this the loss of fat or muscle in the underlying structure of the skin. This type of scarring is typically associated with acne.
Depending on the severity, treatment options for atrophic scars include laser face revalistation
and eMatrix™ sublative RF face revitalisation
help stimulate collagen growth which then fills in the depressed areas.